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A Highlight from the IAMSE Membership Committee

Wednesday, February 5, 2020   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Cassie Chinn
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Mayo Clinic’s Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics Residency Training Program

 

What are the three things that IAMSE members should know about your program/profession?

 

1. Education of dental professionals can occur in settings outside of traditional dental school models.

2. Orthodontic professionals may provide adjunctive therapy to patients undergoing interdisciplinary medical care.

3. Mayo Clinic provides its orthodontic learners with a unique, patient-centered education including serious and complex craniofacial rehabilitation.

 

Describe the types of learners in your program (background, demographics, prerequisites and requirements).

 

Orthodontics is the oldest, and one of ten, dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association. Its practice includes the diagnosis, prevention, interception and correction of malocclusion, neuromuscular abnormalities, and skeletal abnormalities of the orofacial structures. Training programs are certified by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA). There are 64 resident-training programs in the U.S. The majority of programs are based in dental schools (82.8%), although hospital-based (10.9%), stand-alone (4.7%), and military programs (1.6%) are also available. Approximately 500 applicants vie for the 387 available resident spots each year, therefore acceptance to orthodontics residency is quite competitive. Applicants are required to hold a D.D.S. or D.M.D. degree from an accredited dental school, and strong candidates are generally ranked in the top 10% of their dental class.  Candidates matching to dental residencies in 2017 were 55.1% women. The majority of successful matches matriculate straight from dental school; however, candidates with other dental or work experiences are highly sought by many programs. Minimum training for certification is 24 months and may last up to 36 or 60 months depending on whether M.S. or Ph.D. degrees are concurrently being pursued. Graduates of accredited orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics residencies are eligible for board certification by the American Board of Orthodontics. Only 3,400 of the United States’ 17,000 orthodontists have achieved board certification, which includes written, oral and case presentation examinations to complete.

 

Describe your program: 

 

The Mayo Clinic residency in Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics began as the first accredited program to train orthodontic learners in a hospital, rather than dental school setting. As such, the training model employed more closely follows those found in medicine rather than dentistry. Resident learning is mainly accomplished in the clinic, treating patients in parallel with, and under the supervision of the consulting staff. One learner is accepted into the training program each year, providing them with approximately 150 patients to treat as part of their care team. The patient population at Mayo Clinic is diverse and provides learning opportunities in all aspects of the specialty. The service partners with colleagues in oral and maxillofacial surgery treating patients undergoing surgical jaw reconstruction or temporomandibular joint replacements; in plastic surgery and ENT treating patients with cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial syndromes; and in other dental specialties treating complex rehabilitations including patients with oral cancer and other serious dental needs. In addition, the practice treats many orthodontic-only malocclusions, rounding out the clinical experiences of the residents. Didactic teaching follows the academic half-day model and covers literature reviews of both current and historical reading, lectures on core orthodontic principles, and patient treatment planning seminars. Residents are enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and accomplish learning in medical statistics, anatomy, and biomedical sciences with other dental, medical, and Ph.D. trainees. Upon successful completion of these courses, as well as defense of a thesis based on a research project, residents are awarded a Master’s degree from Mayo Clinic.

 

 


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